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Dominican Republic

The “DR” comprises two thirds of the large island of Hispaniola that marks the centre of the West Indies. Its tropical climate and varied altitudes create a myriad of distinct pockets of discovery that sometimes get overshadowed by the magnificent sand beaches of the coastal lowlands. Four mountain ranges run from northwest to southeast, separating arid and lush regions, and supporting various endemic birds and herptiles. The Palmchat of lowland areas throughout Hispaniola is endemic to the island and is the world’s only representative of its taxonomic family. Fertile highland valleys support productive crop fields, and alpine waterfalls punctuate major rivers. Gold within these rivers attracted Spanish colonists soon after Columbus’s landing in 1492. Though the hand of Spanish conquest is the most evident aspect of DR’s history today, subtle and localized cultural reminders of the indigenous Taíno people endure through words, cave art, and traditional customs.
  • Many of the world’s top baseball players hail from DR
  • The west and southwest reaches of DR have deserts due to the rain shadow effect
  • Pico Duarte’s peak at 3,175 metres is the country’s highest point
  • Of its 32 endemic bird species, the Palmchat is the world’s only representative of its taxonomic family
Good To Know
Signature Moments
  • Watching breeding Humpback Whales off the north coast in winter
  • Exploring the coral reefs that Darwin described while aboard the Beagle
  • Searching for endemic birds at various altitudes

Nearby Destinations